Hi everyone, welcome to tutorialgear.com. In my previous article I discussed about 5 best python code editors (IDEs). As we all know there are many languages for developing web applications, but something that most of us are unaware of, is that now we can create python based web applications too!!. Python is easy to understand and that is why today I am going to discuss about 6 best python frameworks for web development.
There are two types of framework, one is full stack and the other one is non full stack(micro). Full stack provides you all the code pre-built, for example form validation, layouts etc. You only have to link that code where you want to use. Whereas, non full stack gives you some features, and for remaining features, you will have to write code by yourself.
6 Best Python Frameworks for Web Development
There are many python frameworks available, but I will only mention the ones that I personally feel are the best. Here is the list of 6 best python frameworks for web development.
Full Stack Frameworks
Non Full Stack
Django software foundation developed django in 2013. It is an open source and free web framework which is written in python. Its main purpose is to give user ease in developing database based and complex websites. Django follows model view template (MVT) architecture plan. Moreover, In order to map its object with database Django uses object relational model(ORM). It has a lightweight server for developing and testing. Django is very scalable and this is very helpful for accommodating huge amount of traffic. Furthermore, it has its own admin panel. One of the most important features of Django is that, there is by default security feature. Also Django has a great documentation.
Web2py developers developed Web2py in 2007. It is also an open source web application framework which is written in python. Its main purpose is to create dynamic web sites using python. Web2py is full stack framework that is why it is fully designed to help in reducing web developing tasks. For example form building, validation etc. It also follows MVC architecture approach. Web2py is capable of DAL which uses as alternative of ORM and it will make things more easier. It has very interactive web interface. Moreover, it is also very good and easy for developing web services.
Zope corporation developed zope2 in 1998. Originally the first product was zope1. Zope2 is based on python and a very useful python web framework. Also it is an application server as well. It allows users object oriented programming. Zope2 has many libraries and can function as a standalone framework. There are two mechanisms for HTML templating in zope. One is DTML (Document Template Markup Language), which is tag-based. And the other one is ZPT (Zope Page Template), which includes all special markup as attributes in TAL (Template Attribute Language). Its learning curve is lesser than the other ones. Zope2 also helps you to find effected function in code.
Non Full Stack(Micro)
Armin Ronacher developed flask in 2010. It is a non full stack (micro) python web framework. It is based on Werkzeug toolkit and Jinja2 template engine. As I mentioned before that, it is a non full stack framework, so there is no need for tools or libraries. Moreover, there is no database layer, form validation, or any components which are in full stack frameworks. For adding those features you will need to add extensions. On the other hand, Flask has many other features such as, unit testing, jinja2 templates, support for secure cookies, google app engine compatibility and more.
Aaron Swartz developed Web.py in 2006. web.py is very lightweight and open source python web framework. It is a non full stack but powerful framework, so there are no restrictions while using it. Many large websites are currently using web.py. Web.py is very simple and can able to develop powerful applications, that is the reason of its popularity. It can handle request types such as GET and POST very effectively. Moreover, its documentation is improvable.